Collection / Collection history: Projects / Provenance Research Project

SINCE 2002 THE "PROJECT PROVENIENZFORSCHUNG" (PROVENANCE RESEARCH PROJECT) TO DETERMINE THE ORIGINS OF INDIVIDUAL ARTWORKS HAS BEEN IN PROGRESS AT THE STÄDTISCHE GALERIE AND THE STÄDELSCHE KUNSTINSTITUT.

In December 1998, at the Washington Conference on Holocaust-Era Assets, eleven "principles on Nazi-confiscated art” were adopted (see http://www.state.gov/www/regions/eur/981203_heac_art_princ.html). The museums of the nations endorsing these principles were thus placed under obligation to investigate their holdings with regard to the latters’ origins and determine whether they include objects of cultural value unlawfully confiscated from their owners during the National Socialist era.

In 1999, a declaration was passed in Berlin in which the German federal government, states and local umbrella organizations confirmed their acceptance of these principles and encouraged the German collections and their legal representatives to undertake and continue the search for cultural assets confiscated in connection with Nazi persecution, particularly from the estates of Jewish citizens.

Since 2002 the "Projekt Provenienzforschung” (Provenance Research Project) to determine the origins of individual artworks has been in progress at the Städtische Galerie and the Städelsches Kunstinstitut. Within the framework of this project, art historian Nicole Roth has been investigating the Städel Museum’s holdings in an effort to find cultural assets whose owners were dispossessed of them during the Nazi era in conjunction with persecution. The primary aim of the research project is to subject the painting collection to exhaustive study with regard to this issue. For every painting acquired after 1933 and predating 1945, the attempt is being made to retrace and document the entire provenance, beginning with the artist. In each case, following clarification of all historical and legal aspects, a decision is made with regard to the payment of restitution to the former owner’s heirs. This process is being carried out in adherence to the principles set forth in the Washington declaration as well as the declaration of the German federal government, states and local umbrella organizations.

Below is a list of works from the collection whose provenances are incomplete or whose previous owners could not be identified with certainty. They may represent cultural assets confiscated within the framework of National Socialist persecution or legitimate purchases, donations and bequests. These works are likewise registered with the Koordinierungsstelle für Kulturgutverluste (Germany’s central office for the documentation of lost cultural property; http://www.lostart.de) in Magdeburg. The data can be updated on a continuous basis.


Carl Morgenstern: Mountain Lake, 1834
Material: oil on canvas
Dimensions: 57.5 x 74 cm
Inventory number: SG 1003
Provenance: purchased at auction of 27/28 Aug 1940 at Heinrich Hahn, Frankfurt/M.

Otto Scholderer: Meadow Landscape
Material: oil on cardboard
Dimensions: 40.6 x 32.5 cm
Inventory number: SG 1071
Provenance: purchased in 1942 from Otto Schweppenhäuser, Frankfurt/M.

Peter Burnitz: Forest Interior with Brook
Material: oil on cardboard
Dimensions: 23 x 32 cm
Inventory number: SG 1080
Provenance: purchased at auction of 23/24 Feb 1943 at Wilhelm Ettle, Frankfurt/M.

Ferdinand Klimsch (?): Cows in a Stall
Material: oil on canvas
Dimensions: 60 x 80.2 cm
Inventory number: SG 1082
Provenance: purchased at auction of 23/24 Feb 1943 at Wilhelm Ettle, Frankfurt/M.

Gustav Schraegle: Outdoor Rest, 1919
Material: oil on cardboard
Dimensions: 39 x 51 cm
Inventory number: SG 1085
Provenance: purchased at auction of 23/24 Feb 1943 at Wilhelm Ettle, Frankfurt/M.

Heinrich Limpert: Horse study
Material: oil on cardboard
Dimensions: 44 x 34 cm
Inventory number: SG 1109
Provenance: purchased at the auction of 22/23 Feb 1944 at Wilhelm Ettle, Frankfurt/M.

Paul Troger: Jephthah’s Sacrifice
Material: oil on canvas
Dimensions: 52 x 104 cm
Inventory number: 1957
Provenance: purchased at the auction of 20 Apr 1941 at Wilhelm Ettle, Frankfurt/M.

Carl Spitzweg: Sunday Hunter
Material: pencil on paper
Dimensions: 20.8 x 10.6 cm
Inventory number: SG 2511
Provenance: purchased in 1942 from Otto Schweppenhäuser, Frankfurt/M.

Martin Schongauer (imitator): Youth Standing on Gothic Capital, 15th c.
Material: pen drawing on paper
Dimensions: 8.5 x 6 cm
Inventory number: 15985
Provenance: purchased at Auction 101: Paintings/Drawings/Sculpture/Furniture/Carpets on 20–21 May 1941 at Wilhelm Ettle, Frankfurt/M

Hermann Saftleven: River Landscape, 17th c.
Material: chalk drawing on paper
Dimensions: 19 x 24.4 cm
Inventory number: 16033
Provenance: purchased in 1943 from Obergerichtsvollzieher (Senior Bailiff) Berenroth, Frankfurt/M

Fritz von Uhde: Small Girl with Hat, Seated
Material: chalk drawing on paper
Dimensions: 44.5 x 23.4 cm
Inventory number: 15940
Provenance: purchased at auction of 30 June 1939 at Zollamt (customs office) Frankfurt/M

Fritz von Uhde: Seated Boy with Naked Legs
Material: chalk drawing on paper
Dimensions: 42.1 x 29.4 cm
Inventory number: 15941
Provenance: purchased at auction of 30 June 1939 at Zollamt (customs office) Frankfurt/M

CONTACT

Nicole Roth
roth[at]staedelmuseum.de


 

The following works previously owned by Jews – whose identities, or descendants’ identities, it has not yet been possible to determine – were turned in for safekeeping.

These works are also registered with the central office for the documentation of lost cultural property (http://www.lostart.de). The information can be updated at any time.


Turned in by: "Herr Loew, Annastraße 5, Frankfurt am Main”
Date of delivery: 10 July 1934
Further information: on 25 May 1946 registration of the works with the Staatsbeauftragter für die Betreuung der Juden in Gross-Hessen (state commissioner for the support of Jews in Pan-Hesse); in 1954 with the Hessische Treuhandverwaltung (Hessian trusteeship)


Unknown artist, 18th c., German : Allegory of the Arts
Material: Oil on canvas
Dimensions: 42.5 x 29.5 cm

Unknown artist, 18th c., German: Trinity
Material: Oil on canvas (lined)
Dimensions: 35.7 x 26 cm

Unknown artist, 18th c., German: Allegory
Material: Oil on wood
Dimensions: 27.3 x 20.5 cm

Unknown artist, 18th c., German: Allegory of the Contrite Heart
Material: Oil on canvas
Dimensions: 25.5 x 19 cm

Unknown artist, 18th c.: Weeping Putti
Material: Oil on canvas (lined),
Dimensions: 61.6 x 53.8 cm

Copy after Peter Paul Rubens: Drunken Silen / Bacchanal
Material: Oil on canvas
Dimensions: 201 x 212 cm

Adolphe Monticelli (1824–1886): Figures by the Riverside
Material: Oil on canvas
Dimensions: 80.5 x 60 cm

Turned in by: Hanns Ludwig Katz
Date of delivery: unknown, but presumably before August/September 1936


Hanns Ludwig Katz (1892–1940): Palm Sunday (Entry into Jerusalem), 1917
Material: Oil on canvas
Dimensions: 107 x 137 cm
Handwritten memo on back: "Eigentümer Maler Katz, 1917”


Turned in by: "Leo Strauß, Promenade 22, Bad Homburg”
Date of delivery: unknown, but presumably between 1925 and 1933


Unknown artist, 18th c., English: Girl with Bird and Shell
Material: Oil on canvas
Dimensions: 70.5 x 54.5 cm
Handwritten memo on back: "Leo Strauß, Promenade 22, Bad Homburg”

CONTACT

Dr. Eva Mongi-Vollmer
mongi-vollmer[at]staedelmuseum.de
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